Posts Tagged ‘women and salaah’

The following comment was forwarded to Muslimality via a Muslimality reader. We would like to first inform the author of the comment that he/she is most welcome to contact us directly in order to submit comments on articles we publish. The comment in question is regarding a series of articles published by Muslimality entitled, ‘The True Conclusion’. Read it here:

https://muslimality.wordpress.com/2010/12/08/the-true-conclusion-part-1/

https://muslimality.wordpress.com/2010/12/15/the-true-conclusion-part-two/

https://muslimality.wordpress.com/2010/12/23/the-true-conclusion-part-3/

https://muslimality.wordpress.com/2011/01/05/the-true-conclusion-part-four/

The comment follows:

what makes this the “true Conclusion”. Allah says: فلا تزكوا أنفسكم> Do not praise yourselves. هو أعلم بمن التقى> He (Allah) knows best who is most pious.
This further proves my comment that these so called “Ulama” seek evidence to prove their own opinions correct and NOT to seek the truth.
Today they will attack Quraishah, tomorrow they will attack Umme Atiyyah RA. It is becoming more clear that these so called Ulama are not calling to the deen of Muhamad SAW but rather to their own warped ideology.

– submitted by a Muslimality reader

1. Emotional rant No 1 by the commenter

We would like to ask you what makes the initial article worthy of being called a conclusion in the first place? Has the writer categorically stated the views of most of the Sahaabah at least? Has the writer even bothered to open a single book in penning the so-called “conclusion’ as named by herself? What has given the writer the right to insinuate finality on the matter?

We have clearly proven that the writer has demonstrated a clear lack of understanding of the Arabic language,the principles of Fiqh & Hadeeth etc. We care very little for the titles of articles, however when an unqualified individual intentionally misquotes & misleads the Muslim Ummah makes statements of Shariah proclaiming with bold finality “now each has the knowledge to decide” we definitely do take umbrage. We do not have much time to waste on such useless rants so please answer the following query:

Please indicate to us how the naming of the article makes the academic argument weaker in any way?

In any event, your understanding seems to have halted after reading the title, ‘The True Conclusion’. Have you even read Quraysha Ismail Sooliman’s article, ‘The Conclusion: Now each has the knowledge to decide’? Did you perhaps forget to read the first line of the series of articles published by Muslimality?

When you have taken the time to understand the message contained in both articles, Muslimality will endeavour to educate you further

2. Your translation reads “Do not praise yourselves”

Do please inform us where this translation originates from. We can clearly prove the fact that this is another emotionally charged statement clearly lacking any academic substance.

Do inform us how the word praise is extracted from the wording of the aayah in question. We have clearly proven that the vast majority of those who support such deficient “scholarship” have no understanding or mastery of the most basic step towards the attainment of true scholarship i.e Arabic. You seem to be clearly proving our point.

Let us assume however that your translation is correct, where have we praised ourselves? Is your ego hurt that much by the fact that we have entitled our refutation “The True Conclusion” that you now resort to misquoting Aayaat of Qur’aan?We see no need to attach our “qualifications” to articles we publish nor do we desire any sort of praise from the creation.

Let us assume once again that we have praised ourselves, how on earth does that detract from the clear-cut academic proofs we have presented?

3.Your comment reads ” This further proves my comment that these so called “Ulama” seek evidence to prove their own opinions correct and NOT to seek the truth.”

When have we labeled ourselves as Ulama? What do we benefit from enforcing our own “opinions”? Another emotional rant to which we shall pay no heed. Please refute our statements with academic truths.

How do you advocate the seeking of the truth when you respond with nothing but emotion? Is it a psychological truth which you are in search of? Have you mastered the basic sciences of Shariah? Why the Ulama-bashing? Is it something you usually do when confronted with factual evidence?

4. Your comment reads “Today they will attack Quraishah, tomorrow they will attack Umme Atiyyah RA. It is becoming more clear that these so called Ulama are not calling to the deen of Muhamad SAW but rather to their own warped ideology.”

We have pointed out clear-cut academic errors in an article posted on a variety of public platforms. When a smear against the Shariah is made in public it will be replied to in public. We have not in any way attacked Quraisha, what we have attacked is the misquoting,fabrications & half-truths which the article penned by her is replete with.

We are Muslims, we do not attack Sahaaba. More emotional rants from your side which serve to do nothing but further confirm the fact that nobody has anything academic to say on this matter.

We advise you to respect the name of Nabi Muhammad SallAllahu alaihi wa Sallam and type out the Durood in full. TYPING “SAW” IS DISRESPECTFUL TO NABI SALLALLAHU ALAIHI WA SALLAM. One who quotes aayat (albeit with manipulated translations) should pay attention to this.

We are not calling to our own “ideology”, we are merely presenting the truth. The clearest proof of the fact that we have presented the truth is that you have managed to respond to an academic argument with nothing but emotion. Please do prove us wrong academically.

We have written well over 18-20 pages thus far,replete with solid academic proof and you come up with this? You cannot be serious.

Muslimality

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In yet another attempt by the “gender mujaahidaat brigade”, I managed to come across a somewhat dismal article regarding the trials and tribulations of South African “women of the north”. Prior to reading this article penned furiously by an extremely angry, yet strong-willed muslimah, I felt the need to take a step back and analyse the reasoning behind pursuing a crusade in the name of Islamic gender equality.

These Muslim feminists fighting their desktop gender jihads, our very own mujaahidaat as I like to call them, never fail to surprise an individual like myself. There is always something waiting in the wings; something lurking in the next blog or twitter update; or even worse, a hadith or Aayah which the gender mujaahidah genuinely believes needs immediate reinterpretation so as to free herself from the expletives of ‘frightened and injured male egos’.

Unfortunately for me, I have always had a weakness for searching for the truth and in doing so, I cannot ever truly say that my mind has never been clouded by judgment or anger but rather, I can safely say that most of the time its clouded by the truth and I think I like it that way!

In any event, I had to admit that what these Muslim women were initially saying made a little sense to my ignorant mind. That’s what ignorance does to you by the way. It does not allow your mind to think, to expand or to consume the greatness that is Islam. The result is a claustrophobic mind hanging on so tightly to a preconceived notion that often results in destructive behaviour. The same goes for prejudices we tend to harbour. It does not matter whether its racial, religious or gender-based prejudice. Prejudice is prejudice and prejudice clouds your judgment.

Herein lies my problem. The truth is out there but its the journey towards the truth that really unsettles most people. You have to forsake everything you believe in in order to grasp on to the truth of Islam. And you have to like it (if you’re a Muslim). That is the test for a Muslim. That is the sacrifice of a Muslim.

In all fairness, the Muslim feminists had what they may have genuinely thought to be a solid foolproof argument. And they could have sold it pretty convincingly to the unsuspecting public if they had gone about it in a proper manner. In choosing to state rather than debate, they faulted greatly. It is one thing putting forth an idea for discussion and debate but it is quite another when you go looking for ‘proof’ to fuel your argument and then present this ‘proof’ to the public leaving aside pertinent and detailed explanations and differing rulings and views.

To then profess scholarship under the banner of some university or Darul Uloom degree is a slap in the face for those who truly seek the truth beyond a predisposition or preconceived notion. It is insulting to those who have taken the time to learn, understand and accept the science of Islam, the importance of hierarchy and the danger which lies in allowing anything but the truth to cloud your judgment.

I had forsaken my preconceived ideas, my preconceived notions, my prejudices. I had willed myself to learn and I had made myself understand the science behind a ruling which did not allow a woman to attend the Masjid. I had understood and I had accepted for that is the life of a believing Muslim, that is the life of a true Muslimah. For those women who believe that “Muslim women will not sit back and accept a status quo that usurps their right to participation in religious life,” I urge you to empower yourself with education, true education in line with the teachings and true spirit of Islam. Education which does not promote hostility towards male counterparts but education which helps a true Muslimah submit to the will of Allah Ta’ala.

It is quite saddening when Muslim women wish to promote a feminist ideology through Islam and for Islam. This is not to say that Islam harbours any anti-feminist sentiments but rather, that where women are concerned, Islam has only always been about protecting the modesty of a woman.

It is true that the history of feminism finds its roots in westernism so many of its key aspects and beliefs simply conflict with the essence of women in Islam. The ideas being preached to Muslim women by Muslim feminists is really unnerving, simply because ‘Muslim feminism’ finds itself undefinable and too complex given the nature of the followers of this ideology and its varying degrees.

Many women in South Africa, especially in the north of South Africa, chose to stay away from attending the various Eid Gah venues as this, according to Islam, was what was expected of them. When the Muslim feminist mujaahidaat began their desktop gender jihads in South Africa during the time of Eid-ul-Fitr 2010, it was unfortunate that much of the Islamic rulings and information reaching the public was one-sided. This was expected since the Muslim feminists could not and would not explain the viewpoint of true and authentic scholars of Islam since:

  1. The scholars are men and would therefore only harbour misogynistic views
  2. The scholars kept this information away form the public, especially women, and therefore it was the duty of the Muslim feminists to expose these scholars
  3. The scholars held true to their beliefs since they could explain why and how they reached this conclusion using authentic and traditional scholarly works
  4. The scholars would not change their misogynistic views and this was not acceptable
  5. The Muslim feminists had in their possession clear-cut hadeeth as well as various view points from other Ulama around the world
  6. The Muslim feminists simply did not need to include the view held by any Fuqaaha which was contrary to their message

A number of refutations were published by various organisations and according to my knowledge, those Muslim feminists who were guilty of gross misrepresentation of facts and non-disclosure never made any attempt to retract their statements. This should have been highly unacceptable in any community, let alone a Muslim one. I, for one, was surprised that nobody ever called Quraysha Ismail Sooliman a blatant liar because that certainly was what she was to me. In omitting certain sections of the book she was translating or had translated, she managed to conveniently prove her point but she attributed statements to the writer of the book, Allaamah Zafar Ahmed Thanvi rahimahullah, which he never made. You can sugar-coat that all you like, but her article was written with the express intent to further her own agenda and, of course, after the ‘error’ was pointed out to her, she never retracted her statements!

The ruling regarding women attending the Eid Gah or the Masjid is clear. It is not permissible for a woman to leave her home in order to pray. This ruling has been discussed in detail, therefore I will not go into the intricacies of the ruling. The main reason for this ruling is due to ‘fitnah’ or ‘chaos’ or translated more loosely as ‘wrong or the possibility of wrong occuring’. No person can deny the existence of fitnah and so, due to the danger in ladies leaving their homes, the original permissibility which was granted to ladies going out for any kind of salaah at whatever time has been abrogated.

If only we lived in a perfect world where everybody did as they were told and if they truly committed acts which were better for them, we would be free of this current conflict. Sadly, this is not to be. Due to the fierce and raging battle, the Muslim feminists have proceeded to claim the right awarded to them by Nabi sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam whilst not understanding the wisdom of his words to act on that which was better for them. It is only when we live with prejudice and ignorance, do we run about, ranting on like sweet-deprived children, wanting what is due to us without seeing the benefit and wisdom behind the rulings of our knowledgeable A’immah. It is only when we remain steadfast in not wanting to understand that we continue to infect others around us with our half-truths and diseased ignorance.

When we refuse to bend our minds, perceptions and ideologies to a purer truth, we remain ensconced by a darkness no light will ever erase. It is with this understanding of the truth that a large majority of women in South Africa have remain steadfast in their belief of true Islam that the place for Ibaadat, the best place to worship Allah is in the innermost recesses of their homes. What kind of a Muslimah forsakes the words of her beloved Nabi sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam and forsakes what is better for something of a lesser value?

Of course there is not much of a fuss in staying at home and reading salaah. Surely salaah that is to be read in the innermost recess of one’s home requires no preparation for going out to the Masjid, no fanfare, no frills; it is just you and your Lord. Therefore for the woman who claims to be wanting to attend the Masjid in order to gain a higher spirituality with, a greater nearness and connection to Allah Ta’ala must surely be sorely mistaken because in remembering Allah Ta’ala and connecting with Him in the innermost recess of your home simply through salaah is an attribute afforded only to women. Therefore, I ask you, dear Muslim feminist sister, dear gender mujaahidaah, why exactly are you dragging your sisters out of their homes, out of the innermost recesses of their Ibaadat, out of their closeness, privacy and nearness to Allah Ta’ala, endangering their modesty in a world rampant with fitnah, luring them from the best place for their salaah?

Another issue I would like to point out is the climbing of the ‘gender-equality’ ladder. Where does it all stop? Sure, today it’s ladies at the Eid Gah but tomorrow? Ladies at the Masaajid? Then what? Ladies reading side by side with men? And then? Ladies leading mixed-congregations in prayer? Ladies giving adhaan? Lecturing the Jumu’ah bayaan? Will the Muslim feminists ever be truly content? Or is the idea of an Islam where a man is an Imaam, a lecturer, a masjid-goer too unbearable for the gender desktop mujaahidaat?

In the field of gender jihad, the goal posts do not ever remain fixed, they are always changing. If it’s this today, rest assured that there will always be something else tomorrow. When asked whether I thought there was a place for a kind of feminism in Islam a very long time ago, I battled an inner turmoil whilst seeking the most appropriate and correct answer. I understand it now. Islam has always been all for women’s rights, Islam has always been protective of the believing women, Islam has always had the best solutions for the female servants of Allah Ta’ala. Within itself, Islam has its own brand of feminist ideology. It is an ideology which is difficult to grasp, accept and understand by the current brand of feminists, Muslim or otherwise simply because the current feminist ideologies rely too heavily on western influence.

It is safe to say that until our feminist mujaahidaat can see it fit to become totally accepting of Islamic principles, values and ideologies and forsake western influence in matters of religion, their cause is nothing more than a means for Muslim women to regress back to the very state for which Islam was meant to save them.

Islam does not require change, Islam changes us.

The Say What? column featured on Muslimality is meant to inspire, teach, engage debate or simply make you laugh. This column revolves around a variety of issues relating to Muslims in South Africa and Muslims around the world.

Today’s Say What? column is written in response to the article, ‘They Don’t Have Prayer: The Media and Eid for Muslim Women in South Africa’

Find it here: http://muslimmatters.org/2010/10/16/they-dont-have-prayer-the-media-and-eid-for-muslim-women-in-south-africa/

The contentious issue of women attending the Eid Salaah has been plaguing some Muslims in South Africa of late. It is imperative that the sources of Fiqh be brought to the attention of the layman or laywoman in this case. There are many groups who would have you believe that it is the Indo-Pak Muslim clerical society who would like to keep you backward and prefer you to be brainwashed. Upon closer inspection however, the notion of brainwashing is rooted very firmly within these “modern-day” organisations.

The following proofs regarding the issue of women attending the Masjid aims to shed light on the subject. Please note that these are not my views but the views taken from Qur’aan, Ahadeeth, Sahaabah radhiAllahu anhum and illustrious Fuqahaa.

The Qur’aan

“O Nabi! Say to your wives, your daughters and the women of the Mu’mineen to hang over themselves their jalaabeeb.” (Al Ahzab: 59)

Allah Ta’ala says:”And, remain inside your homes and do not make a display like the exhibition of the times of jaahiliyyah.” (Al Ahzab:33)

Ahadeeth

Umm ‘Atiyyah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) commanded us to bring them (women) out on (Eid) al-Fitr and (Eid) al-Adha, and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but were to witness goodness and the gathering of the Muslims. I said: “O Messenger of Allah, what if one of us does not have a jilbaab?” He said: “Let her sister lend her a jilbab.”

The first hadeeth clearly states the permissibility of women attending the Eid salaah but we must remember the conditions which were present at the time of Nabi sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam during this time. The conditions follow:

1st Condition: Women were to attend shabbily dressed or unattractive. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radhiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: ” …………. but, they should emerge while they are shabbily dressed.” (Abu Dawood)

2nd Condition: Intermingling was prohibited even outside the Musjid, in a narration in Abu Dawood, the Sahaabi, Abu Usaid Ansaari (radhiAllahu anhu) says that once outside the Musjid men and women had mixed. Nabi (sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam) then said:”(O Women!) Move back! Verily, it is not permissible for you to spread in the road. The edges of the road are compulsory on you.”

The Sahaabi narrating this Hadith says: “As a result the women would walk so close to the sides that their clothing would brush against the walls (of the houses).”

3rd Condition: Perfume was forbidden. Women who came to Musjid in the early days were not permitted to apply perfume. In this regard Rasulullah (sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam) said:”Any woman who applies perfume and passes by a gathering is like an adultress.” (Tirmizi)

It is naïve to assume that the onus is on the person to ensure that the conditions for attending Eid salaah are met. During the time of the Sahaabah radhiAllahu anhum, they had taken it upon themselves to ensure that the women were PROTECTED. They were not discriminating against women, they were not being sexist, misogynists etc. Aisha radhiAllahu anha had said so herself that women would have been prevented from the Masjid if Nabi SallAllahu alaihi wa sallam were to see what women had introduced during her time.

So how do these Muslim feminists justify Aisha radhiAllahu anha’s opinion? Or do they see fit to disregard the view of the great Mother of the Believers? The wife of Nabi sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam?Or is it because this view does not tie in to their perfect world of female liberation? Does this view not tie in to the view of their illustrious jurists like Sheikh Albani, ibn Uthaymeen, bin Baz, ibn Jibreen etc.? They very often cite Aisha radhiAllahu anha when it comes to her willingness to learn and seek knowledge and also when the sahaabah radhiAllahu ahum would go to her in matters pertaining to Fiqh but how little credibility is afforded to her in this matter.

Rasulullah (sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam), when giving the initial permission for women to attend the Masjid, he stated what was indeed BEST for them.Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam} said:”Do not prevent your womenfolk from the Musjid, BUT THEIR HOMES ARE BEST FOR THEM.” (Sahih Muslim)

In spite of the fact that it has been narrated from Nabi sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam, “Do not stop women from the masjid and their houses are best for them.” This is a clear proof that houses are better for women than the masjid and this encompasses salaah and itikaf and other acts of worship. (Awjazul Masaalik vol 5 pg 462)

Imaam Ahmad has mentioned the wife of Abu Humayd as Saaidi said: “O Rasulullah, I love to read salaah with you.” He said: “I know that you love to read salaah with me and your salaah in the recess of your home is better than your salaah in an open room and your salaah in a room is better than salaah in any other part of your house and your salaah in your house is better than your salaah in the Masjid of your people and your salaah in the masjid of your people is better than salaah in my masjid.”

Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radhiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said;”The Salaat of a woman in her bedroom is better than her Salaat in (another) room (of her house), and her Salaat in the innermost recess of her home is better than her Salaat in her room.” (Abu Dawood)

The above ahadeeth confirm that the best place for woman’s salaah is in the innermost recesses of HER HOME. This is the answer to the following question: “Do you know that Musjid al Nabbawi and Musjid al Haraam are MOSQUES- so one should ask these scholars if the home is best for the women, should muslim women pray all their salaat in the hotel rooms when on Umrah as they have said that women must not attend the mosques?”

What we should in fact be asking is, when the above hadith was said by Rasulullah sallAllahu alaihi wa sallam himself, did he not know about the two Masaajid? Was he unaware of the fact that women could attend both these places? And so, despite being aware of the Masaajid in question, Nabi SallAllahu alaihi wa Sallam still made a point of saying that the home is the best place for a woman’s salaah.

Sahaabah radhiAllahu anhum

Amr Shaibaani narrates that he saw Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Mas’ud (radhiallahu anhu) expelling women from the Musjid on the Day of Juma’.(Majmauz Zawaaid)

Aatikah (radhiallahu anha), the wife of Hadhrat Umar (radhiallahu anhu), explaining her reason for having discontinued her practice of attending the Musjid said: “We used to come out when people were yet people.” (LaamiudDuraari

Arabi in his Sharhut Tirmizi states:”Aishah (radhiallahu anha) and Ibn Mas’ud (radhiallahu anhu} are of the opinion that women should be prevented from the Musjids and that they should necessarily cling to the dark corners of their home (when performing Salaat).”

“Yahya Ibn Saeed narrates from Umrah Binti Abdur Rahman that Aishah (radhiallahu anha) said: ‘If Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had observed that which women have now introduced (i.e. after the demise of Rasulullah), he would most certainly have prevented them from attending the Musjid just as the women of Bani Israeel were prevented.”Yahya enquired: ‘What, were the women of Bani Israeel prevented from the Musaajid?’Umrah replied. ‘Yes.’ When Ameerul Mu’mineen Hadhrat Umar (radhiallahu anhu) finally enacted the prohibition to prevent women from going to the Musjid, they …complained to Aishah (radhiallahu anha). Answering their complaint, Hadhrat Aishah (radhiallahu anha) said: “If Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had known what Umar now knows (of the condition of women), he would not have granted you permission to emerge (i.e. to leave your homes and come to the Musjid for Salaat).” (Jaamiur Rumooz)

Arabi in his Sharhut Tirmizi says:

“Sufyaan Thauri said: ‘It is forbidden for women to emerge from their homes. Ibn Mas’ud (radhiallahuanhu) said that a woman is an object of concealment and when she emerges shaitaan lays in wait (to create fitnah). Imam Abu Hanifah and Ibn Mubarak also stated this .”

Amr Shaibaani narrates that he saw Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Mas’ud (radhiallahu anhu) expelling women from the Musjid on the Day of Juma’.(Majmauz Zawaaid)

Fuqahaa

Abu Hanifa has mentioned the salaah area of her home is better than the mosque of her locality. (Bada’ius Sanaa’i vol2 pg 381)

The Hanafi and Maaliki jurists have agreed there is no permission for young women for Jumu’ah and the Eid salaah and/or any other salaah (Al Badaai 1/275, Ash Sharhus Saghir 1/530, Bidayatul Mujtahid 1/211)

Imam Abu Hanifa and his two companions, Imaam Abu Yusuf and Imaam Mohammed state: It is Makrooh for young women to attend Salaah in Jama’ah in totality. Imaam Abu Hanifa has mentioned: An elderly women may attend Fajr, Maghrib and Esha. The Fatawa of the Madhab is that it is reprehensible for women to attend Jama’ah, be it for Eid, for Jumu’ah or a lecture, even if it be for an old lady.

The Maalikiya say: In the event of even the slightest possibility of contravention of shari’ah taking place, it would not be permissible at all for a woman to attend the Masjid. If there is no mischief, her repeated going to the Masjid is highly reprehensible ( Ash Sharhul Kabir 1/335, Ash Sharhul Saghir 1/446)

Imaam Ahmad Bin Hambal and Tibraam record the Hadith of Umme-Humaid Sa’diyah who came to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and said:“O Rasulullah! I love to perform Salaat behind you.’ Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) replied:’I am aware of it. But, your Salaat in the innermost recess of your house is better than Salaat in (other places) of your house…”

Ibn Hajar (rahmatullah alayh) says:”The summary of the discussion of Nawawi and Zarkashi is that when intermingling of the sexes prevails whether in the Musjid or on the roads or there is the danger of mischief because of women’s adornment and exhibition of beauty, then it is forbidden for them to come out. It is incumbent on the Imaam or his representative to prevent women from emerging.”(Laamiud Duraari)

Hadhrat Ibrahim Nakhai (rahmatullah alayh) prevented his womenfolk from attending the Musjid. In Nailul Autaar, the following narration appears:”It (females going for the Eid Salaat) is forbidden. This has been narrated by Tirmizi on the authority of Thauri, Ibn Mubaarak. And, this is the view of Imaam Maalik, Abu Yusuf…. Ibn Qudaamah narrated it on the authority of Nakhai and Yahya Ibn Saeed Ansaari. ”

Islam does not require change, it changes us.